Ovarian Cancer Information [Infographics and Videos]

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The ovaries are paired, almond-shaped, female-reproductive glands, which sit on either side of the uterus (the hollow, pear-shaped organ that accommodates the growing fetus) and held in position by supporting ligaments. The main functions of the ovaries include the production of the eggs for reproduction and secretion of the female sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone). The ovaries are made up of mainly 3 types of cells: epithelial cells (that cover the surface of the ovaries), germ cells (that produce the egg/ova), and stromal cells (that provide structural support to the ovary and produce female sex hormones). Each of these cells can develop into one or more types of cancer.

Epithelial ovarian cancers are the most commonly encountered (about 90% of all cases) ovarian cancers. Epithelial ovarian cancers are further divided into following subtypes based on their histology (appearance under a microscope): serous, endometrioid, mucinous, and clear cell. Primary peritoneal cancers and fallopian tube cancers are very much similar to ovarian epithelial cancers and are generally managed via similar treatment approach.

Germ cell ovarian tumors constitute about less than 5% of all ovarian cancers. They are further classified into following subtypes based on the type of cells involved: teratomas, dysgerminomas, endodermal sinus (yolk sac) tumors, choriocarcinomas, and embryonal tumors. They generally occur as a mix of these subtypes.

Ovarian (or sex chord) stromal tumors constitute about less than 7% of all ovarian cancers. They are further classified into following subtypes based on the type of cells involved and type of treatment approach usually followed for such tumors: granulosa cell tumor (most common), Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor, thecoma, fibroma, and fibrosarcoma.

Ovary Cancer Infographics

Risk Factors

ovarian cancer risk factors

Symptoms

symptoms and signs infographic

Investigations

Investigations for Diagnosis and Staging

investigations for diagnosis and staging

 

Tumor Markers for Various Subtypes

CA-125, Inhibin, AFP, beta HCG, LDH -  tumor markers

 

Tumor Markers for Germ Cell Tumors

AFP,  beta HCG, LDH - tumor markers for germ cell tumors

Staging

FIGO Stage I and II

FIGO Stage I and II

 

FIGO Stage III and IV

FIGO Stage III and IV

Treatment

Surgery and Chemotherapy

treatment - surgery vs chemotherapy

 

Fertility Preservation Surgery

Fertility Preservation Surgery

 

Ovarian Cancer Videos

CancerBro meets Mrs. Owens – Ovarian Cancer Patient

 

Risk Factors

 

Symptoms

 

Investigations for Diagnosis and Staging

 

Anatomy of Ovary

 

FIGO Staging

 

Treatment

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