If someone is suspected to have endometrial cancer based on signs and symptoms, certain investigations are required to confirm the diagnosis of the disease. Further, these can help in determining the stage of disease, which in turn help in choosing an appropriate treatment option.
Endometrial Cancer FIGO Staging
Endometrial Cancer FIGO Staging is the most commonly used staging system for the disease. FIGO stands for International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics.
FIGO Stage IA
The primary tumor is limited to the endometrium or has invaded less than half of myometrium.
FIGO Stage IB
The primary tumor has invaded half or more of the myometrium.
FIGO Stage II
The primary tumor is present only in the uterus and has extended up to the cervical connective tissue.
FIGO Stage IIIA
The cancer cells have spread to the outer surface of the uterus (serosa) or to the fallopian tube, ovary, round/broad ligament (adnexa).
FIGO Stage IIIB
The cancer cells have spread to the vagina or up to the parametrium.
FIGO Stage IIIC1
Cancer has spread to pelvic lymph nodes but not to the lymph nodes along the aorta or to distant body parts.
FIGO Stage IIIC2
Cancer has spread to the lymph nodes along the aorta but not to the distant body parts.
FIGO Stage IVA
Cancer has spread up to the mucosa of the rectum or urinary bladder.
FIGO Stage IVB
The cancer cells have spread to distant body parts such as distant lymph nodes, lungs, bones, liver, etc.
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